Heart Diseases- What You Need to Know

Heart disease refers to a range of conditions that affects the heart. It is an umbrella term covering various conditions of the heart whose causes may be attributed to faulty blood vessels, irregular heartbeat and congenital heart defects, among others. Let’s take a look at the types of heart diseases and their common symptoms:

  • Arrhythmia– It is an abnormality in the rhythm of heartbeat. Heartbeat maybe too fast or too slow in this case. Symptoms are:
  • Fluttering heart
  • Slow pulse
  • Fainting spells
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Atherosclerosis- Atherosclerosis is caused by hardening or narrowing of the arteries. As a result of reduced blood supply, you may experience chest pain and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include:
  • Numbness and coldness, especially in the limbs
  • Unusual or unexplained pain
  • Weakness in your legs and arms
  • Cardiomyopathy- Weakening or hardening of heart muscles. Symptoms include:
  • Fatigue
  • Bloating
  • Swollen ankles and feet
  • Breathlessness
  • Congenital heart defects– These are heart defects that are present at birth. Some of these heart diseases remain unnoticed, others are diagnosed and treated by pediatric cardiologists on finding symptoms like:
  • Blue-tinged skin
  • Swelling of ankles and legs
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Fatigue
  • Irregular heart rhythm
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)– CAD is caused by the build-up of plaque or cholesterol in the heart’s arteries.  A cardiovascular doctor will treat for the following symptoms:
  • Chest pain
  • Discomfort in the chest and surrounding areas
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Heartburn
  • Heart infections- These are conditions caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Symptoms are:
  • Chest pain
  • Persistent coughing
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Skin rash

What are risk factors for heart disease?

Common risk factors for developing heart diseases are:

  • Obesity
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Smoking
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Family history of heart diseases
  • Stress

What can be done if you are at risk?

If you are at risk, always watch your body for any symptoms of heart disease. If a heart disease is suspected, do not hesitate to consult an expert. A cardiovascular doctor who knows your lifestyle and medical history will be better able to diagnose your illness and suggest a treatment plan. Medtravels can help you identify the best treatment options.

How can I prevent heart disease?

It is important to heed your doctor’s advice if they have warned you that you are at risk of a heart disease. Best cardiologists recommend making certain lifestyle changes to prevent various heart diseases. These include:

  • Quitting smoking
  • Starting regular exercise
  • Maintaining body weight
  • Reducing stress
  • Maintaining good hygiene

Consulting the best cardiologist in your city regularly is just one lifestyle habit you can take up. Regular health checkups and consultation can help in diagnosing any potential heart issues. Risk factors such as high blood pressure and diabetes, may be addressed with medications to lower your risk of heart disease.

Can heart diseases be cured?

Majority of symptoms of heart disease can be relieved with medications, simple procedures, and lifestyle changes. When these methods fail to work and if your condition is more acute, coronary intervention or bypass surgery might be used. In children, a pediatric cardiologist will evaluate symptoms and advise treatment plans accordingly.


It is never too early to make healthy lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, eating healthy food, reducing stress and becoming physically active on a regular basis. These are the key practices of defence against heart disease and its complications.

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